Abstract

Language skills in the preschool period are an important indicator of early development and school readiness for children. However, little is known about the association between aspects of the neighborhood and language outcomes for First Nations children. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of neighborhood structural and organization features, as well as the mediation of these effects, on the language outcomes of First Nations children aged 2-5 living off reserve. Data from the Aboriginal Children’s Survey was examined. Both neighborhood structure and neighborhood organization were important for language outcomes. In addition, mediation effects were shown, suggesting that family-level as well as neighborhood structural variables are particularly important for the language outcomes of young First Nation children living off reserve.

Acknowledgments

This paper was supported by the Strategic Research Directorate at Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC). The views expressed in this document are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the position of Statistics Canada or Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.

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