Previous research has found that restrained eaters, emotional eaters and females will eat more under stress. The current study examined sex differences in the effects of stress-induced eating. Participants were randomly assigned to a high or low-induced stress situation. Both groups, with equal numbers of males and females, solved anagrams and were given the opportunity to eat candy. A 5-minute time limit was held constant across both conditions. The high stress group was constantly reminded o f their strict time limit and performed the experiment with a loud timer ticking in the background; while the low stress group had neither o f these distractions. Participants filled out a self-reported stress question response as a manipulation check. These data, and amounts of candy eaten for each sex under both conditions were recorded. In the high stress condition, males ate less and females ate more; however, these effects were not statistically significant. Females also consumed significantly more candy in both conditions than males.
"Sex Differences in the Effects of Stress-Induced Eating,"
The Huron University College Journal of Learning and Motivation:
1, Article 17.
Available at: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/hucjlm/vol48/iss1/17