In order to observe trilingual implications on Paivio's dual-coding theory, 48 undergraduate participants, half bilingual, and half trilingual, •were randomly assigned to one of two conditions. These conditions were either translating or copying a list of 16 words they had to subsequently and unknowingly recall after an irrelevant anagram task. It was found that translating the words yielded superior recall, regardless of degree of multilingualism. However, due to methodological issues further discussed, the results were unable to significantly outline concrete implications trilingualism may have regarding the dual-coding theory. Future suggestions are also explored.
"Dual Coding Theory and Trilingual Implications on Recall,"
The Huron University College Journal of Learning and Motivation: Vol. 47
, Article 2.
Available at: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/hucjlm/vol47/iss1/2