Previous research has shown that the presence of vocal music during memory tasks can both aid and hinder individuals' performance. The present study examined the effects of quick tempo vocal and non-vocal background music on memory performance in extroverts and introverts. In the presence of either quick tempo vocal or non-vocal background music introverts and extroverts were given a list of 20 moderately memorable nouns to memorize and recall. Both extroverts and introverts had 1 minute to memorize a list and 2 minutes to recall the words. It was hypothesized that extroverts would recall more nouns in the quick tempo non-vocal condition and that introverts would recall significantly less than extroverts in both the quick tempo vocal and non-vocal conditions. One main effect was found for the musical condition in which both extroverts and introverts recalled more nouns in the quick tempo vocal condition. No other significant results were found.
"The Effects of Quick Tempo Vocal and Non-Vocal Background music on Memory for lists of nounds in Extroverts and Introverts,"
The Huron University College Journal of Learning and Motivation:
1, Article 16.
Available at: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/hucjlm/vol45/iss1/16