Title

Multi-level Modelling in Health Research: A Caution and Rejoinder on Temporally Mismatched Data

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2006

Journal

Social Science and Medicine

Volume

62

Issue

5

First Page

1215

Last Page

1218

URL with Digital Object Identifier

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.06.056

Abstract

In a review of the multilevel modelling literature (MLM) we find that data on individuals and their social environment contexts (neighbourhoods, municipalities) are often drawn from different years/time periods. This temporal mismatch has scarcely attracted any attention though it can significantly influence modelling results and interpretation. We demonstrate the influence of temporal mismatch first by outlining the degree of neighbourhood mobility in large metropolitan areas in Britain, Canada and the United States and second with a brief MLM example. We conclude that researchers ought to provide more study context when such mismatch is unavoidable.

Notes

Dr. Michael Buzzelli is currently a faculty member at The University of Western Ontario.