Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Degree

Master of Engineering Science

Program

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Supervisor

Dr. Xianbin Wang

Abstract

Guaranteeing Quality of Service (QoS) has become a recognized feature in the design of wireless communications. In this thesis, the problem of QoS provision is addressed from different prospectives in several modern communication systems.

In the first part of the thesis, a wireless communication system with the base station (BS) associated by multiple subscribers (SS) is considered, where different subscribers require different QoS. Using the cross-layer approach, the conventional single queue finite state Markov chain system model is extended to multiple queues' scenario by combining the MAC layer queue status with the physical layer channel states, modeled by finite state Markov channel (FSMC). To provide the diverse QoS to different subscribers, a priority-based rate allocation (PRA) algorithm is proposed to allocate the physical layer transmission rate to the multiple medium access control (MAC) layer queues, where different queues are assigned with different priorities, leading to their different QoS performance and thus, the diverse QoS are guaranteed.

Then, the subcarrier allocation in multi-user OFDM (MU-OFDM) systems is stuied, constrained by the MAC layer diverse QoS requirements. A two-step cross-layer dynamic subcarrier allocation algorithm is proposed where the MAC layer queue status is firstly modeled by a finite state Markov chain, using which MAC layer diverse QoS constraints are transformed to the corresponding minimum physical layer data rate of each user. Then, with the purpose of maximizing the system capacity, the physical layer OFDM subcarriers are allocated to the multiple users to satisfy their minimum data rate requirements, which is derived by the MAC layer queue status model.

Finally, the problem of channel assignment in IEEE 802.11 wireless local area networks (WLAN) is investigated, oriented by users' QoS requirements. The number of users in the IEEE 802.11 channels is first determined through the number of different channel impulse responses (CIR) estimated at physical layer. This information is involved thereafter in the proposed channel assignment algorithm, which aims at maximum system throughput, where we explore the partially overlapped IEEE 802.11 channels to provide additional frequency resources. Moreover, the users' QoS requirements are set to trigger the channel assignment process, such that the system can constantly maintain the required QoS.


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