Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Degree

Master of Science

Program

Geology

Supervisor

Dr. Gordon Osinski and Dr. Livio Tornabene

Abstract

Double layered ejecta (DLE) craters display two distinct layers of ejecta that appear to have been emplaced as a mobile, ground-hugging flow. While volatile content within the target, atmosphere, or some combination of the two is generally considered a major variable enhancing the mobility of ejecta, the presence of unconsolidated surface materials may also have some effect. This statement is studied further here, aiming to determine whether bulk target lithology and/or attributes of the surface have any effect on morphometric properties between DLEs situated on sedimentary targets to those on volcanic ones. Results suggest that ejecta mobility (the distance ejecta travels from the crater rim) generally increases with increasing latitude and may reflect volatile concentrations on Mars, while lobateness (sinuosity of the perimeter of ejecta) generally decreases with increasing latitude. Furthermore, DLEs on sedimentary targets appear to have a higher EM, on average, than those on volcanic targets.


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