Doctor of Philosophy
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
This thesis presents an integrated triangle mesh processing framework for surface reconstruction based on Delaunay triangulation. It features an innovative multi-level inheritance priority queuing mechanism for seeking and updating the optimum local manifold mesh at each data point. The proposed algorithms aim at generating a watertight triangle mesh interpolating all the input points data when all the fully matched local manifold meshes (umbrellas) are found. Compared to existing reconstruction algorithms, the proposed algorithms can automatically reconstruct watertight interpolation triangle mesh without additional hole-filling or manifold post-processing. The resulting surface can effectively recover the sharp features in the scanned physical object and capture their correct topology and geometric shapes reliably. The main Umbrella Facet Matching (UFM) algorithm and its two extended algorithms are documented in detail in the thesis. The UFM algorithm accomplishes and implements the core surface reconstruction framework based on a multi-level inheritance priority queuing mechanism according to the progressive matching results of local meshes. The first extended algorithm presents a new normal vector combinatorial estimation method for point cloud data depending on local mesh matching results, which is benefit to sharp features reconstruction. The second extended algorithm addresses the sharp-feature preservation issue in surface reconstruction by the proposed normal vector cone (NVC) filtering. The effectiveness of these algorithms has been demonstrated using both simulated and real-world point cloud data sets. For each algorithm, multiple case studies are performed and analyzed to validate its performance.
Ma, Ji, "Surface Reconstruction from Unorganized Point Cloud Data via Progressive Local Mesh Matching" (2011). University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository. Paper 231.