Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy

Program

Physics

Supervisor

Charles McKenzie

Abstract

Chemical shift imaging is a method for the separation two or more chemical species. The cost of chemical shift encoding is increased acquisition time as multiple acquisitions are acquired at different echo times. Image acceleration techniques, typically parallel imaging, are often used to improve the spatial coverage and resolution. This thesis describes a new technique for estimating the signal to noise ratio for parallel imaging reconstructions and proposes new image reconstructions for accelerated chemical shift imaging using compressed sensing and/or parallel imaging for two applications: water-fat separation and metabolic imaging of hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate.

Spatially varying noise in parallel imaging reconstructions makes measurements of the signal to noise ratio, a commonly used metric for image for image quality, difficult. Existing approaches have limitations such as they are not applicable to all reconstructions, require significant computation time, or rely on repeated image acquisitions. A SNR estimation technique is proposed that does not exhibit these limitations.

Water-fat imaging of highly undersampled datasets from the liver, calf, knee, and abdominal cavity are demonstrated using a customized IDEAL-SPGR pulse sequence and an integrated compressed sensing, parallel imaging, water-fat reconstruction. This method is shown to offer comparable image quality relative to fully sampled reference images for a range of acceleration factors. At high acceleration factors, this technique is shown to offer improved image quality when compared to the current standard of parallel imaging.

Accelerated chemical shift imaging was demonstrated for metabolic of hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate. Pyruvate, lactate, alanine, and bicarbonate images were reconstructed from undersampled datasets. Phantoms were used to validate this technique while retrospectively and prospectively accelerated 3D in vivo datasets were used to demonstrate. Alternatively, acceleration was also achieved through the use of a high performance magnetic field gradient set.

This thesis addresses the inherently slow acquisition times of chemical shift imaging by examining the role compressed sensing and parallel imaging can be play in chemical shift imaging. An approach to SNR assessment for parallel imaging reconstruction is proposed and approaches to accelerated chemical shift imaging are described for applications in water-fat imaging and metabolic imaging of hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate.


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