Dentistry Publications

Title

Caries Experience in Individuals with Cerebral Palsy in Relation to Oromotor Dysfunction and Dietary Consistency

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-2009

Journal

Special Care in Dentistry

Volume

29

Issue

5

First Page

198

Last Page

203

URL with Digital Object Identifier

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-4505.2009.00092.x

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate caries experience in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) who have oromotor dysfunction and relate it to age and dietary consistency. Noninstitutionalized individuals with CP (n = 108) aged 4-19 years (mean: 10 years, 1 month +/- SD 4 years, 5 months) were recruited for this study. Subjects who were severely impaired (35.2%) had orofacial motor dysfunction most frequently, followed by those who were slightly affected (27.7%), moderately affected (20.4%), and very slightly affected (16.7%). Age was a statistically significant factor for oromotor dysfunction (p= 0.007), with the youngest individuals having the most severe oromotor problems. Dietary consistency and oromotor function were statistically significant influence on the DMF index (p= 0.0352). The highest total DMF values were measured for individuals who were severely impaired and also the youngest, as well as for those receiving liquid diets. Early rehabilitation, intervention, and prevention are important for these individuals.