Location

London

Event Website

http://www.csce2016.ca/

Description

This paper investigates the fatigue behaviour of a reinforced concrete beam (without shear reinforcement) at low temperature (-20°C) compared to a similar beam tested near room temperature (+16°C). Two large-scale steel reinforced beams (200 mm x 400 mm x 4200 mm) were fabricated and tested. The beams had temperature differentials over their depth to simulate solar radiation and in-service temperature of the bridges. The beams were cyclically loaded to failure with a stress range representing the ratio of live to dead loads found in most bridges. This study showed that low temperature increased the fatigue life of the reinforced concrete beam by 51%, and changed the mode of failure of the beam from shear fatigue failure at room temperature to flexural fatigue failure at low temperature. It was observed that the low and room temperature beams maintained 65% and 31% of their original flexural rigidity indicating that low temperature mitigated the stiffness degradation of the reinforced concrete caused by fatigue loading. The strains in the tensile reinforcement of the low temperature beam were much lower than the room temperature beam which could be due to the higher strength of concrete and reduction in concrete softening at low temperature which resulted in lower stresses in the tensile reinforcement. The findings of this study show that the contribution of concrete under either static or cyclic load becomes much higher at low temperature.


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Jun 1st, 12:00 AM Jun 4th, 12:00 AM

STR-924: EFFECT OF LOW TEMPERATURE ON THE SHEAR-FATIGUE PERFORMANCE OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAMS

London

This paper investigates the fatigue behaviour of a reinforced concrete beam (without shear reinforcement) at low temperature (-20°C) compared to a similar beam tested near room temperature (+16°C). Two large-scale steel reinforced beams (200 mm x 400 mm x 4200 mm) were fabricated and tested. The beams had temperature differentials over their depth to simulate solar radiation and in-service temperature of the bridges. The beams were cyclically loaded to failure with a stress range representing the ratio of live to dead loads found in most bridges. This study showed that low temperature increased the fatigue life of the reinforced concrete beam by 51%, and changed the mode of failure of the beam from shear fatigue failure at room temperature to flexural fatigue failure at low temperature. It was observed that the low and room temperature beams maintained 65% and 31% of their original flexural rigidity indicating that low temperature mitigated the stiffness degradation of the reinforced concrete caused by fatigue loading. The strains in the tensile reinforcement of the low temperature beam were much lower than the room temperature beam which could be due to the higher strength of concrete and reduction in concrete softening at low temperature which resulted in lower stresses in the tensile reinforcement. The findings of this study show that the contribution of concrete under either static or cyclic load becomes much higher at low temperature.

http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/csce2016/London/Structural/73