Location

London

Event Website

http://www.csce2016.ca/

Description

With the recent shift of design code developers’ focus from component- to system-level assessment of seismic force resisting systems, there is a need to numerically assess the performance of whole buildings. However, reinforced concrete block structural wall buildings are complex structural systems composed of materials with nonlinear and heterogeneous properties, which makes the numerical investigation challenging, especially when seismic behavior is considered. Most previous numerical models of reinforced concrete block walls have considered individual components, rather than the complete building system, and have used relatively complex micro-models. In this paper, OpenSees (Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation) is used to create macro non-linear models to simulate the response of two different buildings under unidirectional cyclic loading that represents earthquake effects. The models are created in such a way as to balance the desire for accuracy with the desire for relatively simple models that can be defined using only the geometry and actual material properties, and that are not excessively demanding computationally. Detailed validation of the models is conducted to compare the hysteretic behaviour of the numerical models with available experimental test results on reinforced concrete block structural wall buildings. This paper demonstrates that simple models can, with proper calibration, capture the cyclic response, including energy dissipation and degradation of strength, very well. In this way, this study significantly enhances the database of validated numerical models for reinforced masonry shear wall buildings.


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Jun 1st, 12:00 AM Jun 4th, 12:00 AM

STR-850: NUMERICAL MODELLING OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BLOCK STRUCTURAL WALL BUILDINGS UNDER SEISMIC LOADING

London

With the recent shift of design code developers’ focus from component- to system-level assessment of seismic force resisting systems, there is a need to numerically assess the performance of whole buildings. However, reinforced concrete block structural wall buildings are complex structural systems composed of materials with nonlinear and heterogeneous properties, which makes the numerical investigation challenging, especially when seismic behavior is considered. Most previous numerical models of reinforced concrete block walls have considered individual components, rather than the complete building system, and have used relatively complex micro-models. In this paper, OpenSees (Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation) is used to create macro non-linear models to simulate the response of two different buildings under unidirectional cyclic loading that represents earthquake effects. The models are created in such a way as to balance the desire for accuracy with the desire for relatively simple models that can be defined using only the geometry and actual material properties, and that are not excessively demanding computationally. Detailed validation of the models is conducted to compare the hysteretic behaviour of the numerical models with available experimental test results on reinforced concrete block structural wall buildings. This paper demonstrates that simple models can, with proper calibration, capture the cyclic response, including energy dissipation and degradation of strength, very well. In this way, this study significantly enhances the database of validated numerical models for reinforced masonry shear wall buildings.

http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/csce2016/London/Structural/33