Location

London

Event Website

http://www.csce2016.ca/

Description

Estimation of wind-induced loads and responses is an essential step in tall building design process. Wind load for super tall buildings is commonly evaluated using boundary layer wind tunnel (BLWT) tests. However, the recent development in computational power and techniques is encouraging designers to explore numerical wind load evaluations using a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) approaches. CFD can provide a faster estimation for building loads and responses with lower cost and satisfactory accuracy for preliminary design stages. The current study investigates the accuracy of evaluating wind pressure and building responses of a typical tall building (CAARC building). Two configurations are investigated, which are (1) standalone building and (2) located in a city center. Large Eddy Simulation (LES) numerical model is utilized adopting a newly developed synthesizing turbulence generator named Consistent Discrete Random Flow Generator (CDRFG). The adopted inflow technique is believed to provide good representation of wind statistics (i.e. velocity and turbulence profiles, spectra and coherency). Pressure distributions and building responses from the current study match with those obtained from boundary layer wind tunnel tests. The average difference between the pressure values between the current model and the BLWT is 4%. While the difference in building responses resulted from the LES model to those from BLWT is 6%. It was found that utilizing CDRFG in LES models provides an accurate estimation for building aerodynamic performance in an efficient computational time owing to its capability of supporting parallel processing.


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Jun 1st, 12:00 AM Jun 4th, 12:00 AM

NDM-529: NUMERICAL EVALUATION OF WIND LOADS ON A TALL BUILDING LOCATED IN A CITY CENTRE

London

Estimation of wind-induced loads and responses is an essential step in tall building design process. Wind load for super tall buildings is commonly evaluated using boundary layer wind tunnel (BLWT) tests. However, the recent development in computational power and techniques is encouraging designers to explore numerical wind load evaluations using a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) approaches. CFD can provide a faster estimation for building loads and responses with lower cost and satisfactory accuracy for preliminary design stages. The current study investigates the accuracy of evaluating wind pressure and building responses of a typical tall building (CAARC building). Two configurations are investigated, which are (1) standalone building and (2) located in a city center. Large Eddy Simulation (LES) numerical model is utilized adopting a newly developed synthesizing turbulence generator named Consistent Discrete Random Flow Generator (CDRFG). The adopted inflow technique is believed to provide good representation of wind statistics (i.e. velocity and turbulence profiles, spectra and coherency). Pressure distributions and building responses from the current study match with those obtained from boundary layer wind tunnel tests. The average difference between the pressure values between the current model and the BLWT is 4%. While the difference in building responses resulted from the LES model to those from BLWT is 6%. It was found that utilizing CDRFG in LES models provides an accurate estimation for building aerodynamic performance in an efficient computational time owing to its capability of supporting parallel processing.

http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/csce2016/London/NaturalDisasterMitigation/21