Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-2011

Journal

International Journal of Zoology

Volume

2011

Issue

Article ID 362976

First Page

1

Last Page

11

URL with Digital Object Identifier

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/362976

Abstract

This paper provides a comparative review of the known patterns of olfactory behavioural ecology among the nocturnal strepsirhine primates and the cathemeral lemurid genus Eulemur. Endemic to Madagascar, all Eulemur species exhibit both diurnality and nocturnality (i.e., cathemerality), and are gregarious, making them an interesting group of taxa to compare with the nocturnal strepsirhines. This paper represents the first comparative review of patterns of olfactory communication among the nocturnal strepsirhines and the cathemeral Eulemur species. Inductive assessment of these comparative data indicates that olfactory communication serves multiple functions in both groups, including individual recognition, sex recognition, indication of social dominance, and coordination of mating behaviour. However, the urine-washing behaviour characteristic of many nocturnal strepsirhines has no clear homologue among Eulemur species (although the latter may use urine droplets in scent marking). Despite sparse and scattered comparative data, it appears that Eulemur species exhibit different olfactory communication patterns that are associated with differing social organizations in this genus.

Notes

The International Journal of Zoology is an open-access journal. This paper may be accessed from the Table of Contents of Volume 2011, which is located at the following link: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijz/contents/

Alternatively, the paper may also be accessed directly at the following location: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijz/2011/362976/

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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